If you are a chef, the knife is your most used tool, and if you want to keep it in pristine condition, you must sharpen and maintain it regularly.
A dull knife is annoying. It means you have to force your way through all the vegetables and meat you are trying to cut.
It’s better to have a super sharp knife instead of having a dull one. Sharpening stones are a tool that many chefs use to sharpen their knives.
Using our step-by-step instructions, you can learn how to sharpen knives with a stone.
Choose A Whetstone
The first step is to choose a whetstone that goes with your blade’s condition. Different whetstones are required to sharpen different stages of blades.
To repair chipped edges, use 1000 grit or less, 1000 to 3000 grit to sharpen dull edges, and 4000 or higher to hone or refine the knife edge.
We recommend purchasing two grit stones ranging from 1000 to 2000 and 8000 to 10000. This will cover all of the knife’s honing requirements.
Wet The Whetstone
Whetstones are required to be wet before use. You need to soak whetstones underwater like about 10 to 15 minutes just to let the water absorb into the stone.
If you don’t want to soak it in the water, you can use oil instead. You cant use any oil; you have to use kerosene or honing oil.
Applying water or oil before sharpening speeds up the process of sharpening and holds the grit in place.
Choose A Stable Place
When you place the gritstone on the floor or on your table, make sure it doesn’t move too much when you begin honing your knife.
Leveling The Grit Stone
If you are using a new gritstone, you can skip this step, but you must do this step if you are using an old one.
After taking the stone out of the water, mark the whole grit surface with a pencil. You see with repeated usage, some parts of the surface wear down, especially in the middle.
After you’ve marked the entire surface of the stone, take a lower grit stone and rub the surface until it’s even.
The pencil marks will assist you in determining whether or not the surface is completely leveled.
If you notice all of the markings on the surface vanished, this means the surface has been completely leveled.
Angle is essential in sharpening. How sharp the blade will be and how many metal particles will wear off largely depends on the blade angle.
If you want to only sharpen the edge, you don’t want to hold it at an angle that also hits the knife’s body with the gritstone.
Sharpening incorrectly also shortens the life of your knife and causes it to dull more frequently.
Experts recommend holding the blade at a 22.5-degree angle, but there is a more straightforward way to determine the angle.
Place the knife in the grit stones and raise it until only the edge remains horizontally on the gritstone. This way can be used with any knife to determine the proper angle.
How To Sharpen Knives With A Stone
In this phase, you should already have the wet or oiled grit stones ready and already found the right angle for your knife.
- Place your grit stones on a clean, stable table. It’s preferable if you can put a towel underneath.
- Start honing the blade from the coarse side. The coarse side is used to correct the shape.
- Before you begin honing your blade, spray it with water or oil.
- Place your knife at a 22.5-degree angle on the grit stones. Start from the bottom and finish at the top.
- Repeat 5–10 times, depending on the sharpness of the blades. Remember to keep the blade in motion and don’t pressure the blade too much. If the knife is too dull, then 7 to 8 pounds of pressure will suffice.
- Flip the knife over and repeat the process. Make sure that the motion, pressure, and amount of honing are all the same.
- Apply the finishing touch with the smooth gritstone. Repeat the steps from the coarse grit stones section.
How To Sharpen Knives With A Water Stone or sandstone
Using water stone or sandstone to hone your knife follows the same process as whetstones. You can follow the guide of sharpening using the whetstone to sharpen using water stones or sandstones.
But the foremost difficult task is not how to sharpen using water stone or sandstone, but to find one that is suitable for knife honing.
But, if you do find one that is suitable for sharpening, follow the steps above.
How to Determine Whether Your Sharpening Stone Is Sharp Enough
There are numerous methods for determining whether or not the knife is sharp enough. This is by far the simplest.
After you finished sharpening, place your knife at a 90 degrees angle in your nail. If the knife slides, it needs more sharpening, and if it sticks in the nail, it’s fully sharpened.
There are other ways like cutting an apple or a paper, but this is the easiest way to determine.
Let’s Watch A Video
Sharpening the knife on a daily basis is necessary to achieve the best results. Sharpening stones are an excellent way to keep your blade sharp for a long time.
Follow our step-by-step instructions to sharpen your knife without causing any damage.
We hope you found our article helpful.
My name is Papon Ahamed. I’m a hunting enthusiast, digital marketer and have a bachelors degree in finance. As CEO of outdoor topic reviews, I get to do what I love: reviewing products and writing about my adventures!
I am not even married – but friends say that doesn’t matter because they know how lucky I will be when the right person comes along!